News Be Wary of West Nile Virus and Lyme Disease SHARE ON: Gregory Rosser, contributor, Wednesday, Jul. 22nd, 2015 Ontario’s Chief Medical Officer released a statement regarding ticks and mosquitoes. The two insects are known to carry Lyme disease and West Nile virus. Lyme disease can be characterized by recurring arthritis, neurological problems, numbness and even paralysis when untreated. West Nile causes fever, head and body aches, a mild rash and swollen lymph glands, in extreme cases it can sometimes cause encephalitis – swelling of the brain – difficulty swallowing and confusion. Some ways to avoid infection are wearing closed-toe shoes, long sleeves and long pants, wearing light coloured clothes to make the insects easier to see and of course insect repellent whenever you’re enjoying the great outdoors. You can cut exposure to mosquitoes in your home by removing still water in the immediate area and making sure all windows and screens are secure to keep the insects outside of your home.